The lovely pattern of sliced lotus root with decorative mizuna leaves makes this salad very attractive. And the sesame sauce dressing makes it a perfect salad. The crunchiness of lotus root, the mild peppery flavour of mizuna, the lovely aroma of sesame…. It is such a simple salad to make but so yummy.
When I took this salad to the BYO lunch with friends some time ago, quite a few people asked, “What’s this?”. I guess lotus roots are not commonly used in cooking here in Australia unless you have an ethnic background or you are a foodie. But as soon as they tried it, they just loved it.
About Lotus Root
Lotus root is called “renkon” (蓮根) or “hasu” (蓮) in Japanese. It is a direct translation as 蓮 is lotus and 根 is root. Lotus root does not look attractive when displayed at vegetable shops or Asian grocery shops. It’s just a weird looking root, usually with traces of mud on it.
Although we call it a “root”, it is actually a stem modified for underwater growth (I didn’t knot this!) And real roots are those short black strings that come out of the narrow part of the lotus root which connects each section. The lotus root I used was only one section of the stem (so the tiny black strings coming out of both ends of my lotus root are the real roots.
Who would have thought the inside of this unattractive stem has a beautiful pattern of 8-9 holes? I say 8-9 holes (not including a hole in the centre) because apparently, the number of holes in a lotus root is usually 8 but the lotus roots cultivated in Iwakuni city in Japan have 9 holes. I counted the number of holes in my lotus root and it had 7 large holes and 2 tiny holes. I am not sure if the 2 tiny holes are meant to be 1 large hole but is somewhat deformed or if the holes did not grow as large as the others. Either way, it still has 8 or 9 holes.
Lotus root is a seasonal vegetable, only available in winter time in Sydney and unfortunately not many vegetable shops sell it. So I usually go to one of the Asian grocery stores or Asian vegetable shops. If you live in Sydney and head to Eastwood, you will find them at any of the Asian grocery stores.
For the salad you will need to slice the lotus root into 2mm thickness. This can be done with a knife but I use my Kyocera slicer (photo below). This slicer is quite handy as you can change the thickness of the slice into 0.5mm, 1.3mm and 2.0mm. I didn’t mention it in the recipe but I used this slicer to cut the cucumbers to make Cucumber and Seaweed Sunomono (Vinegar Dressing), too.
I bought this slicer in Japan many years ago but these days, you can buy it at kitchenware shops. The Kyocera brand sells a slicer without thickness variations as well. So if you are intending to get one, just make sure that you buy a multi thickness slicer for more versatility.
Mizuna (水菜) has spiky leaves and tastes peppery with a bit of spiciness which is not as strong as rocket (arugula). It is not only good to eat but also decorative with its delicate appearance. You can eat it uncooked as well as cooked. It is often used in Japanese hotpot in place of chrysanthemum leaves.
The Kanji character for mizuna, “水菜” translates to water leaves. The word mizu (水) means water and na (菜) is leafy vegetales. According to Japanese Wikipedia, the name came from the way it was cultivated in the past. Unlike other vegetables, water used to be the main source of cultivation for mizuna and the name reflects that. It must contain a lot of water in each leaf because it shrinks a lot when cooked.
Like lotus root, mizuna is also a winter vegetable so I cannot get it all year round in Sydney. Also, not all vegetable shops sell it even when it is in season. I guess mizuna is not as popular among Aussies as other leafy salad greens such as baby spinach and rocket (arugula). I hope it will become as popular as other salad leaves in the near future. If you cannot get hold of mizuna, baby spinach or English spinach would be a good substitute. In the case of English spinach, blanch it and cut into bite size length.
About Sesame Dressing
I have to make a confession. I used store bought sesame sauce for today’s salad. But I added finely grated roasted white sesame and some sesame oil to transform it into my version. The photo below is the bottle of the sesame sauce I used. It is called “Kin no gomadare” (金のごまだれ, golden sesame sauce) and the brand name is Mizkan. There are many different brands of sesame sauce and dressings including this one at Asian/Japanese grocery stores. My son and I tried different gomadare but we thought this was the best.
I made the Lotus Root and Mizuna salad at Nagi’s request as she was at my place when I made Yakisoba which I posted together with this post. So I attempted to use the gomadare recipe which I posted in the Japanese Dressings post and adjusted the flavour. Because I was in a hurry and I did not grate white sesame properly, it was a big failure. Nagi said it was not the gomadare she liked. She said, “Mum, you need to make the one your kids like, not the ‘should be’ recipe! “. So I recreated it using my usual sesame sauce. Here is the failed salad in the photo below. You can see the sesame seeds are everywhere due to my slackness.
Please don’t get me wrong. Gomadare in the post Japanese Dressings is great as well. It’s just that this recipe uses a different sauce which has a hint of creamy mayonnaise-like rich taste with a milder acidity. And the photo below is how the salad with the usual gomadare looks. See the difference between the photo above (failure) and below (real one)?
- 300g lotus root
- 2 tbsp vinegar (separated, any white vinegar is fine)
- 75g mizuna (Note 1)
- 90ml gomadare (Note 2)
- 1½ tbsp finely grounded roasted white sesame
- 1 tsp sesame oil
- Fill water in a medium size bowl and add 1 tablespoon of vinegar.
- Peel the lotus root skin and slice the lotus root into 2mm thick rounds. As you slice the lotus root, put the slices in the bowl of water with vinegar. This is to prevent sliced lotus roots from discolouring.
- Boil water in a sauce pan large enough to cook the sliced lotus roots.
- When the water in the sauce pan has boiled, add 1 tablespoon of vinegar, then add the sliced lotus roots. Cook for about 10 minutes or until the lotus root slices are cooked (They should still be slightly crunchy – refer to Note 3).
- Drain lotus root slices into a sieve and shake well to remove excess water. Then transfer to a bowl.
- While the boiled lotus root slices are still warm, add the gomadare and mix well (Note 4).
- Add the grounded toasted white sesame, sesame oil and mizuna to the bowl and mix well. Leave to cool down if still warm.
- Serve in a large salad bowl to share or individually in smaller bowls.
2. I used store bought gomadare for this salad. My favourite gomadare is the brand Mizkan and called “Kin no gomadare” (金のごまだれ, golden sesame sauce). You can buy it at Asian/Japanese grocery stores. You can get other brands, of course but remember that the flavour of gomadare varies depending on the brand and it is a matter of finding your favourite flavour.
You could use gomadare in my post Japanese Dressings if you like, instead of using a store bought sesame sauce. But the flavour is different as my favourite store bought sesame sauce is creamy and richer with a milder acidity.
3. The boiling time varies depending on freshness and lotus root variety. In Japan, you only need a few minutes to cook it. But whenever I make lotus root salad here in Sydney, I have to cook the sliced lotus root for around 10 minutes. If you like a crunchier texture, I suggest you boil it for less time than 10 minutes.
4. When you add gomadare while the lotus root slices are still warm, the flavour of the gomadare is absorbed into the lotus root. It add to the flavour of the salad and the lotus root slices taste even better.